faq

faq

faq

DRIVER RECRUITING
1.800.346.2818
DRIVER SAFETY HOTLINE 
1.800.331.0361
DRIVER PAYROLL 
1.800.227.6849
DRIVER PERMITS
1.800.228.2137 Ext. 6677

What is C.S.A.?

CSA, an acronym for Compliance, Safety and Accountability, is a safety program from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to:

  • improve safety by reducing crashes.
  • allow the FMCSA and its partners to contact a larger number of carriers/drivers.
  • address safety problems with carriers and drivers before crashes occur.

For more information, please visit the FMCSA’s website by clicking here.

Hours of Service

THE REVISED HOURS-OF-SERVICE (HOS) REGULATIONS

The HOS Regulations as set down by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and can be found in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations, Title 49, Part 395.

The following summary of HOS regulations were taken from the FMCSRs.

Below is a brief summary of the hours-of-service regulations:

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Off Duty

Duty Status Line 1
FMCSA Sections: 395.8

  • Relieved of duty
  • Relieved from all responsibility for your vehicle

Other Details/Examples:

  • Rest breaks taken outside of the sleeper berth, including meal breaks
  • Doing laundry
  • Home time, including going home for a 34-hour restart
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Driving Time

Duty Status Line 3
FMCSA Sections: 395.2, 395.3

Other Details/Examples:

  • Means all time spent at the driving controls of a commercial motor vehicle in operation
  • When the ELD detects motion, the computer log shows this movement as driving time

If a driver exceeds any of the 11-, 14-, 70-hour or rest break rule limits, a log violation record is created, and the driver will be required to find a safe haven and stop driving. The driver may resume driving once they have taken a break and regained legal hours to drive.

how to split break

Split breaks are not always the easiest part of logging, especially with the 14-hour rule. Please utilize this split break tool to help plan trips if split breaks are needed:

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Sleeper Berth

Duty Status Line 2
FMCSA Sections: 395.1

  • Time spent in the sleeper berth
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On Duty - Not Driving

Duty Status Line 4
FMCSA Sections: 395.8

All time:

  • Means all time from the time a driver begins to work or is requried to be in readiness to work until the time the driver is relieved from work and all responsibility for performing work.
  • Does not include up to two hours riding in the passenger seat of a property-carrying vehicle moving on the highway immediately before or after a period of at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth.

Other Details/Examples:

  • Work performed for the company
  • Pre-trip inspection and other inspections
  • Quarterly safety training
  • When you physically load or unload or help load or unload a trailer
  • Giving or receiving receipts or paperwork at a customer
  • Time spent providing a breath sample or urine specimen, including travel time to and from a collection site
  • Performing any compensated work for the company
  • Werner’s HOS application requires you to send the appropriate message to indicate that you are On Duty-Not Driving

If a driver exceeds any of the 11-, 14-, 70-hour or rest break rule limits, a log violation record is created, and the driver will be required to find a safe haven and stop driving. The driver may resume driving once they have taken a break and regained legal hours to drive.

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Off Duty

Duty Status Line 1
FMCSA Sections: 395.8

  • Relieved of duty
  • Relieved from all responsibility for your vehicle

Other Details/Examples:

  • Rest breaks taken outside of the sleeper berth, including meal breaks
  • Doing laundry
  • Home time, including going home for a 34-hour restart
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Sleeper Berth

Duty Status Line 2
FMCSA Sections: 395.1

  • Time spent in the sleeper berth
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Driving Time

Duty Status Line 3
FMCSA Sections: 395.2, 395.3

Other Details/Examples:

  • Means all time spent at the driving controls of a commercial motor vehicle in operation
  • When the ELD detects motion, the computer log shows this movement as driving time

If a driver exceeds any of the 11-, 14-, 70-hour or rest break rule limits, a log violation record is created, and the driver will be required to find a safe haven and stop driving. The driver may resume driving once they have taken a break and regained legal hours to drive.

how to split break

Split breaks are not always the easiest part of logging, especially with the 14-hour rule. Please utilize this split break tool to help plan trips if split breaks are needed:

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On Duty - Not Driving

Duty Status Line 4
FMCSA Sections: 395.8

All time:

  • Means all time from the time a driver begins to work or is requried to be in readiness to work until the time the driver is relieved from work and all responsibility for performing work.
  • Does not include up to two hours riding in the passenger seat of a property-carrying vehicle moving on the highway immediately before or after a period of at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth.

Other Details/Examples:

  • Work performed for the company
  • Pre-trip inspection and other inspections
  • Quarterly safety training
  • When you physically load or unload or help load or unload a trailer
  • Giving or receiving receipts or paperwork at a customer
  • Time spent providing a breath sample or urine specimen, including travel time to and from a collection site
  • Performing any compensated work for the company
  • Werner’s HOS application requires you to send the appropriate message to indicate that you are On Duty-Not Driving

how to split break

Split breaks are not always the easiest part of logging, especially with the 14-hour rule. Please utilize this split break tool to help plan trips if split breaks are needed:

simply stated

14 HOUR RULE:

A driver’s duty day is 14 consecutive hours long.  A driver may not drive after the end of the 14-consecutive-hour period.

 A driver may not drive beyond the 14th hour after coming on duty following 10 hours off duty. This means, once the driver begins an on-duty period of any kind, the 14-hour clock begins.

example:

If a driver starts an on-duty status at 06:00, the driver would have to stop driving at 20:00 (14 hours later).

The only way to stop the clock is a minimum sleeper berth break of eight hours or more. This means all time spent waiting for trailers, paperwork and parking will limit a driver’s available hours.

example:

Driver starts an on-duty status at 06:00, which means the 14-hour clock is up at 20:00. During the 14-hour period, the driver also takes an eight-hour sleeper berth break. This now means the driver has until 04:00 the next morning to get his driving in.

Once the 14 hours are reached, the driver may no longer drive but can continue to work. The driver must take a 10-hour consecutive break before resuming driving if they work beyond their 14th hour.

11 HOUR RULE:

A driver may drive up to 11 hours, during their 14-hour duty day.  The 14-hour duty period cannot be extended with off-duty time for meal and fuel stops, etc. A driver cannot drive again without first taking 10 consecutive hours off duty.

70 HOUR RULE:

No driver of a property-carrying commercial motor vehicle shall drive a property-carrying commercial vehicle if he or she has been on duty for 70 hours in any period of 8 consecutive days.

34 HOUR restart RULE:

Drivers can “restart” the 8-day period by taking at least 34 consecutive hours off duty. The 34 hours must be consecutive and not broken by on duty or driving activities.

rest break RULE:

Driving is not permitted if more than 8 hours has passed since the end of the driver’s last off-duty or sleeper-berth period of at least 30 minutes.  Or, said another way, a driver must take a 30-minute break after driving 8 hours.

A driver may work beyond the eighth hour but CANNOT drive before taking at least 30 consecutive minutes off duty.

The required break must be at least 30 minutes and can be taken at any time during the first eight hours on duty. The driver may not perform any on-duty tasks during this break.

This break is counted toward the 14-hour limit. It does not extend a driver’s workday.

    sleeper berth exception

    Drivers may split on-duty time by using split breaks. To fulfill the requirements of the split break, a driver must have:

    • One period equal at least eight hours or more in the sleeper berth.
    • A separate period of a minimum of two or more hours, which may be off duty, sleeper berth or a combination of the two.

    Example:

    Break #1: Two hours (off duty)

    Drive #1: Four hours

    Break #2: Eight hours (sleeper)

    Drive #2: Driver would find his two periods that satisfy the split break requirements. In this example, this would be the two hours off duty and the eight hours in the sleeper. Driver would start calculating time towards the 14-hour rule at the end of the first rest period.

    Driver would take the four hours of driving between the breaks:

    • 11 hr rule: 11 – 4 = 7 hours available on the 11-hour rule.
    • 14 hr rule: 14 – 4 = 10 hours available on the 14-hour rule.

    The lapsed time in the period immediately before and after each period when added together does not include any driving after the 14th hour. Actions like unloading and fueling still will be allowed after the 14th hour (driver must have an uninterrupted 10-hour break before driving again).

    The only way to stop the 14-hour clock now is an eight-hour sleeper berth break.

    A driver who obtains 34 consecutive hours off duty and/or in a sleeper berth may reset his/her 70-hour clock.

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